Research and development in UK companies is at immediate risk as we come out of lockdown and requires urgent government intervention to adapt to the economic conditions after the COVID19 pandemic, according to a report published today by the Royal Academy of Engineering, based on research with 25 R&D-intensive businesses.

Report: Stimulating R&D for a faster and better recovery (156.33 KB)

During April 2020 – a month in which the UK economy shrank by 20.4% - the Royal Academy of Engineering asked 25 organisations of different sizes from different sectors what impact the COVID-19 crisis was having on their R&D activities and business-university partnerships. Today’s report is based on this rapid intelligence-gathering exercise and it outlines some immediate actions and interventions to enable businesses of all sizes to support a better and faster recovery from the COVID-19 crisis. Those surveyed see R&D as the solution not only to the healthcare emergency itself but also as a central part of adapting to changing circumstances and innovating a way out of the pandemic-induced recession. 

The Academy found that the pandemic has rapidly altered the business environment in which innovative startups and R&D-intensive businesses operate. With R&D often funded through revenue, many companies experiencing cash flow difficulties are liable to halt or significantly reduce their R&D activity, including partnerships with universities and support for studentships.

Projects said to be at highest risk are those in the middle of the innovation process, from proof of concept through to prototype and demonstration stages. These steps are costly and often face technical challenges with the need for extra time to be resolved. Cancelled projects are likely to reduce the benefits of previous R&D investments, cut competitiveness and reduce innovative outputs in the coming years as planned projects fail to reach maturity.

The Academy calls for targeted interventions to support business R&D and innovation, including:

  • Expand the Made Smarter pilot to support SMEs to adapt and thrive in the ‘new normal’;
  • Protect the innovation pipeline, future-proof and build resilience by:
    • front-loading public funding in multi-year research and innovation programmes
    • introducing agile and rapid Collaborative R&D programmes to promote industry-university collaborations and knowledge exchange
    • boosting support for late-stage R&D and demonstration
    • maintaining and improving the UK’s competitive package of tax incentives for companies to innovate
    • developing globally leading capabilities
  • Use the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund to stimulate pre-competitive collaboration to address future innovation needs and opportunities;
  • Make innovation a key component of the public procurement process to bring best value for money to the public purse;
  • Support regulators to adapt rapidly to innovation and new practices.

To ensure that the benefits are felt right across the UK, these interventions need to be delivered by a variety of organisations, including UKRI, Innovate UK, Local Enterprise Partnerships, and devolved and local government.

Professor Sir Jim McDonald FREng FRSE, President of the Royal Academy of Engineering, says: “The COVID-19 crisis has thrown into stark relief the vital role that engineering R&D has to play in the UK’s future, not only in responding to current and immediate future challenges of the pandemic, but also in driving the economic recovery, building back better and enabling the nation to pursue its goal of becoming a global science and innovation superpower.

“A knowledge and innovation-led economy remains our best strategy for future prosperity and we know from previous economic downturns that companies that have continued their R&D activity have been much better placed to recover afterwards. Now is the time for government to set out a powerful vision that both demonstrates its commitment to R&D and provides certainty to the businesses that will shape our economic destiny. Investing in R&D is investing in the future.”

Notes for Editors

  1. The full report Stimulating R&D for a faster and better recovery can be found here here, with the supporting rapid summary of evidence available here.
  1. The Royal Academy of Engineering is harnessing the power of engineering to build a sustainable society and an inclusive economy that works for everyone.

In collaboration with our Fellows and partners, we’re growing talent and developing skills for the future, driving innovation and building global partnerships, and influencing policy and engaging the public.

Together we’re working to tackle the greatest challenges of our age.

What we do

TALENT & DIVERSITY

We’re growing talent by training, supporting, mentoring and funding the most talented and creative researchers, innovators and leaders from across the engineering profession.

We’re developing skills for the future by identifying the challenges of an ever-changing world and developing the skills and approaches we need to build a resilient and diverse engineering profession.

INNOVATION

We’re driving innovation by investing in some of the country’s most creative and exciting engineering ideas and businesses.

We’re building global partnerships that bring the world’s best engineers from industry, entrepreneurship and academia together to collaborate on creative innovations that address the greatest global challenges of our age.

POLICY & ENGAGEMENT

We’re influencing policy through the National Engineering Policy Centre – providing independent expert support to policymakers on issues of importance.

We’re engaging the public by opening their eyes to the wonders of engineering and inspiring young people to become the next generation of engineers.

For more information please contact:

Jane Sutton at the Royal Academy of Engineering 

T: 0207 766 0636

E:  Jane Sutton