This bank of useful resources has been developed to support the many organisations working to promote diversity across the engineering profession and beyond. Using the links below, you can navigate through diversity strand related research, statistics, reports and other literature. The aim is provide a basis for action and share good practice across the profession.

If you come across any useful publications or other information you think would be useful, please forward documents or links to the Diversity team.

Many publications and guidance relating to the legal requirements of employers in terms of addressing discrimination and equality can be found on the UK government website on employing people.

Government website on employing people

Resources are available grouped under the following headings:

Apprenticeships

Good Practice Evaluation of the Diversity in Apprenticeship Pilots (2012) - This report synthesises emerging evidence about effective and sustainable practices based on an evaluation of 16 Diversity in Apprenticeship Pilots provided by the National Apprenticeship Service (NAS) in partnership with the Skills Funding Agency. The pilots were delivered to test new delivery methods to engage more individuals from underrepresented groups. The pilots are designed to mainstream key learning and good practice in the longer term.

Report for NAS: Good practice evaluation of the diversity in apprenticeship pilots (568.77 KB)

Research to Shape Critical Mass Pilots to Address Underrepresentation in Apprenticeships (2009) – the report informs on how to tackle inequalities in the representation of particular groups in apprenticeship programmes.

Research to Shape Critical Mass Pilots to Address Underrepresentation in Apprenticeships (2009) (495.22 KB)

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Engineering Diversity Concordat

The Engineering Diversity Concordat outlines principles and objectives all professional engineering institutions (PEIs) can sign up to, and commit to, in taking action to increase diversity. Relevance of the one-page document extends to other organisations wishing to make progress on diversity.

Engineering Diversity Concordat (68.15 KB)

Concordat Resource Guide

This Concordat Resource Guide aims to support PEIs working towards the Engineering Diversity Concordat and other organisations who wish to increase diversity. It has been compiled by the Royal Academy of Engineering in consultation with a number of professional engineering institutions. However, its use and relevance go beyond engineering to other professions and organisations.

Concordat Resource Guide (560.69 KB)

Engineering Diversity Concordat Signatories

For a comprehensive, up-to-date list of professional engineering institutions (PEIs) and other organisations signed up to the Engineering Diversity Concordat contact the diversity team

More information on useful diversity resources can be found on the Science Council’s website:
Science Council diversity resources

Royal Academy of Engineering diversity guidelines

These diversity guidelines contain steps professional engineering institutions (PEIs) can take to increase diversity and inclusion. They include examples of action related to marketing and publicity (including IT), recruitment and selection of steering groups and committees, events, monitoring and evaluation, and awards and scheme selection and programme design. 

Diversity guidelines (187.42 KB)

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Ethnicity

 

Qualitative Data Gathering: Ethnic Minorities and Socio-Economically Disadvantaged Groups in Engineering  Presentation of research into what more professional engineering institutions and employers can do to increase the participation of people from ethnic minority and socially disadvantaged backgrounds. At a dissemination event held on 2 May 2013, Dr Cynthia Forson (Lead Researcher), Moira Calverley and Paul Smith from University of Hertfordshire presented key findings and recommendations which were debated through a panel discussion focused on possible courses of action to increase participation of black and minority ethnic and people from disadvantaged backgrounds

Qualitative Data Gathering: Ethnic Minorities and Socio-Economically Disadvantaged Groups in Engineering (430.13 KB)

Designed to Inspire (2013), a project delivered by the Royal Academy of Engineering, resulted in the development of a range of materials aimed at encouraging more engineering students – especially those from black and minority ethnic backgrounds - to move from education into employment. Other materials including posters, postcards and individual engineer case studies can be downloaded from the Tomorrow's Engineers website.

Designed to inspire engineering role model videos

Tomorrow's Engineers website

Leadership and Cultural Identity – an exploration into the perceptions of BAME women in the UK workplace (2012). As a follow-up to the Race to Progress: breaking down barriers research released in 2011, the University of London was commissioned to conduct further research into the barriers faced by black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) senior women focusing on leadership and identity with a particular emphasis on Bangladeshi and Pakistani women.

Leadership and cultural identity – an exploration into the perceptions of BAME women in the UK workplace (2012) (197.55 KB)

Race to Progress: breaking down barriers (2011) – this project explores the levels of ambition among UK workers from a BAME background, highlights the barriers that prevent them from achieving those ambitions and identifies the support systems that are needed to enable them to progress.

Race to Progress: breaking down barriers (2011)

Aspirations and Frustration (2010) – this Race for Opportunity report, surveyed the attitudes of 1,500 people from all the main ethnic groups, including white Britons, and found that an overwhelming majority of black and minority ethnic workers surveyed consider the professions of banking, journalism, law and politics as closed off to them.

Aspirations and Frustration (2010) (4.45 MB)

Widening Participation and Race Equality (2010) – a collection of papers published by the Runnymede Trust in which authors address what race equality has to do with widening participation; highlighting that participation is more than gaining entry to an institution but also progression while there.

Widening Participation and Race Equality (2010)

Race discrimination in the Construction Industry: A Thematic Review (2009) – reviews the literature on racial discrimination and racial equality in the construction industry in Great Britain.

Race discrimination in the Construction Industry: A Thematic Review (2009) (399.58 KB)

Bangladeshi Girls Choosing Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (2008) – an exploration of factors that affect Bangladeshi girls’ achievement in, engagement with, and aspirations in STEM subject areas. 

Bangladeshi Girls Choosing Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (2008) (2.25 MB)

Increasing Employment Rates for Ethnic Minorities (2008) – a National Audit Office report on how best to increase the proportions of ethnic minority people in work.

Increasing Employment Rates for Ethnic Minorities (2008) (779.68 KB)

Different Women Different Places (2007) – this is the first study of its kind in the UK, to begin to close the gap in research into the career experiences and leadership attributes black and minority ethnic women.

Different Women, Different Places (2007)

Ethnic Minority Women and Local Labour Markets (2007) – this paper examines the situation of selected groups of ethnic minority women in the labour market and considers why it is sometimes so different from that of white British women. 

Ethnic Minority Women and Local Labour Markets (2007) (4.64 MB)

Representation of Ethnic Groups in Physics and Chemistry (2006) –presents a statistical picture of the progress of England- and Wales-domiciled students from different ethnic groups through the various stages of the educational system into undergraduate chemistry and physics courses. 

Representation of Ethnic Groups in Physics and Chemistry (2006) (921.04 KB)

Science, Engineering and Technology and the UK’s Ethnic Minority Population (2005) – a report for the Royal Society which gives an overview of the picture of ethnic group participation in SET in terms of occupations and participation post compulsory education.

Science, Engineering and Technology and the UK’s Ethnic Minority Population (2005) (1.33 MB)

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Disability

Final report from the Developing Physics and Engineering Terms for BSL project (2012) – documents the successful project conducted by the Scottish Sensory Centre, University of Edinburgh, under funding from the STEM Disability Committee.

Final report from the Developing Physics and Engineering Terms for BSL project (2012) (1.22 MB)

Access for all: A guide to Disability Good Practice for university Physics Departments (2008) – complements the legal duty of all universities to look actively at ways of ensuring that disabled people studying physics are not discriminated against as a consequence of their disability. 

Access for all: A guide to Disability Good Practice for university Physics Departments (2008) (1.88 MB)

Creating a Positive Experience for Disabled Engineering Students (2006) – focuses upon the outcomes and outputs of Loughborough University’s national project, DART (Disabilities: Academic Resource Tool). The project resources enable an enhanced learning experience for disabled students within engineering by providing academics with bespoke advice, guidance and resources on developing a more accessible curriculum. 

Creating a Positive Experience for Disabled Engineering Students (2006) (172.80 KB)

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Social mobility

Family background and access to ‘high status’ universities (2013) –  published by the Sutton Trust,  finds that children with professional parents are approximately three times more likely to enter a high status university (rather than a non-high status university) than those with working class parents. This holds true for Australia, England and public sector elite colleges in the United States.  Although academic achievement up to age 18 can explain a great deal of the socioeconomic gap in elite university access, it does not completely remove it. At least a quarter of the difference in England, the US and Australia is not explained by academic ability. 

Family background and access to ‘high status’ universities (2013) (611.83 KB)

Fair Access to Professional Careers: A progress report (2012) – three years on from Unleashing Aspiration, equity of access to professional careers remains an important part of the social mobility jigsaw. Unleashing Aspiration identified six  key areas for improvement; this report is a stocktake of progress on those themes as they relate directly to the professions.

Fair Access to Professional Careers: A progress report (2012)

The Social Mobility Toolkit for the Professions (2012) – the first common framework to measure the progress of social mobility within the professions, was commissioned by Professions for Good and put together by Spada. It provides recommendations for employer organisations of all sizes, as well as professional bodies and regulators, on how they can track and foster social mobility.

The Social Mobility Toolkit for the Professions (2012) (1.89 MB)

Seven Truths About Social Mobility (2012) - all-party parliamentary group report on seven key characteristics of social mobility and implications for policymakers. 

Seven Truths About Social Mobility (2012) (892.33 KB)

Against the Odds – disadvantaged students who succeed in school (2011) – is an Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) report which focuses on resilient students: those who succeed at school despite a disadvantaged background. These individuals show what is possible and provide students, parents, policymakers and other education stakeholders with insights into the drivers of skills and competencies among socioeconomically disadvantaged students. 

Against the Odds – disadvantaged students who succeed in school (2011) (5.76 MB)

Unleashing Potential: Summary and Recommendations of the Full Report (2009) – the Panel on Fair Access to the Professions was established to advise on how we can make a professional career genuinely open to as wide a pool of talent as possible. The report makes detailed recommendations on how the UK can realise the social and economic benefits of the forthcoming expansion in professional employment in the UK.

Unleashing Potential: Summary and Recommendations of the Full Report (2009) (358.07 KB)

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Gender

The FTSE Female Index Report (2014) – since 1999, the Cranfield School of Management Female FTSE benchmarking report has provided a regular measure of the number of women executive directors on the corporate boards of the UK's top 100 companies. 

The FTSE Female Index Report (2014) (2.26 MB)

Girls’ Attitude Survey (2013)  is a report from Girlguiding whereby 1,288 girls and young women aged between seven and 21 were asked about their attitudes to key social, political and economic issues. The questions covered their experience of harassment and abuse, their aspirations for the future, and their views on subjects such as feminism and celebrity. 

Girls’ Attitude Survey (2013) (3.61 MB)

Britain’s Got Talented Female Engineers (2013) - To help encourage more women into engineering, Atkins led a unique survey in partnership with the Royal Academy of Engineering, Rolls-Royce and BP to ask 300 professional female UK engineers what inspired them to choose a career in engineering and how they feel about their choice. 

Britain’s Got Talented Female Engineers (2013) (1.63 MB)

Jobs for the Boys – Set to Lead Report (2012) – builds on evidence and anecdote to increase awareness and better practice so women realise their ambition and potential to the same level as men to pursue engineering and technology careers

Jobs for the Boys – Set to Lead Report (2012)

Tapping all our Talents - Women in STEM: a Strategy for Scotland (2012) – this recommends the creation of a strategy to increase the proportion of women in the workplace qualified in STEM subjects, and to increase the number who rise to senior positions in universities, research institutes, government, business and industry. 

Tapping all our Talents - Women in STEM: a Strategy for Scotland (2012) (1.96 MB)

WISE Statistics Guide 2012 – provides detailed data analysis using a conceptual framework for gender segregation in SET. The guide aims to aid future benchmarking and monitoring of progress against a number of indicators from the areas of secondary and higher education, vocational training, employment and gender pay, leadership and public engagement. 

WISE Statistics Guide 2012 (6.40 MB)

Stemming the Tide: Why Women Leave Engineering (2011) – is a comprehensive study of the recruitment, retention and progression of women in engineering carried out at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and funded with a grant by the US National Science Foundation. 

Stemming the Tide: Why Women Leave Engineering (2011) (4.13 MB)

Women on Boards (2011) – Lord Davies' report presents practical recommendations to address gender imbalance in the boardroom. 

Women on Boards (2011) (1.92 MB)

Girls’ Career Aspirations (2011) – evaluates the extent to which careers education, guidance and other provision raise aspirations and inform the choices of courses and careers by girls and young women to support their long-term achievement. It identifies weaknesses and examples of good practice in these areas.

Girls’ Career Aspirations (2011) (292.08 KB)

Unlocking Potential – perspectives on women in science engineering and technology (SET) (2011) – offers some practical suggestions on how government and the professions can help create a more balanced and skilled SET workforce. 

Unlocking Potential – perspectives on women in science engineering and technology (SET) (2011) (800.76 KB)

Inspiring Women Engineers (2009) – highlights the Academy business case for diversity and what it is doing to encourage more women and girls into engineering.

Inspiring Women Engineers (2009) (550.25 KB)

Real Returners: the stories behind the success (2009) – details successes of the Daphne Jackson Foundation in helping women returners to science, engineering and technology careers.

Real Returners: the stories behind the success (2009) (1.08 MB)

Launching the 21st Century American Aerospace workforce (2008) – the US is not producing enough qualified workers to fill important jobs, and is predicting the shortfall will increase as retirements grow. The report is a starting point for the aerospace industry to collectively recommend and develop solutions to overcome the problem.

Launching the 21st Century American Aerospace workforce (2008) (2.48 MB)

Getting Girls into Engineering – a practical guide (2008) – includes practical guidance and tips to encourage more girls to consider a career in engineering.

Getting Girls into Engineering – a practical guide (2008) (6.29 MB)

Researching Cultures in Science, Engineering and Technology: An Analysis of current and past literature (2008) – a literature review of published research on the cultures of science, engineering and technology (SET) and the impact they have on women professionals employed in the sector. 

Researching Cultures in Science, Engineering and Technology: An Analysis of current and past literature (2008) (1.10 MB)

Women Matter: Gender Diversity, a Corporate Performance Driver (2007) – McKinsey and Company reports that between 2005 and 2007 the 89 listed European companies with the highest levels of gender diversity also had higher returns on equity, operating results, and stock price growth than averages in the respective sectors.

Women Matter: Gender Diversity, a Corporate Performance Driver (2007) (1.08 MB)

Different Women Different Places (2007) – the first study of its kind in the UK, to begin to close the gap in research into the career experiences and leadership attributes black and minority ethnic women.

Different Women Different Places (2007)

Ethnic Minority Women and Local Labour Markets (2007) –  this paper examines the situation of selected groups of ethnic minority women in the labour market and considers why it is sometimes so different from that of white British women. 

Ethnic Minority Women and Local Labour Markets (2007) (4.64 MB)

Women in Science and Technology – The Business Perspective (2006) – the Women in Science and Technology (WiST) expert group on what needs to change to attract more women researchers into industry and keep them there. The group examined the situation in a number of Europe’s top companies, looking at the private sector experience of inequality, diversity and gender mainstreaming.

Women in Science and Technology – The Business Perspective (2006) (4.78 MB)

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General underrepresentation

STEM Equality and Diversity Toolkit This is an interactive toolkit to help promote science, technology, engineering and mathematics, (STEM) careers to people with a range of backgrounds and needs. The toolkit is aimed at anyone who is in a position to influence or advise young people aged 11-16. This includes: parents/carers, teachers, careers coordinators, work related learning coordinators, careers advisers and anyone involved in developing resources related to STEM subjects.

STEM Equality and Diversity Toolkit

Perkins Review of Engineering Skills (2013) Professor John Perkins FREng undertook a wide-ranging review of the demand for engineering skills in the UK, and the shortcomings in the supply of people. His report contains 22 recommendations, several of which relate to addressing the underrepresentation of particular groups. 

Perkins Review of Engineering Skills (2013) (344.12 KB)

Implementing Diversity Policies: Guiding Principles (2007) – a guide to ITEC and other engineering businesses who want to benefit from employing a diverse workforce. 

Implementing Diversity Policies: Guiding Principles (2007) (1.07 MB)

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Statistical information

Improving the employment chances of engineering graduates (2014)  This piece of research conducted by Robin Mellors-Bourne (CRAC) for the Engineering Professors’ Council (EPC) gives a breakdown of engineering graduate unemployment in terms of gender, ethnicity, UCAS tariff and HEI type six months after graduation. Key findings are that while Engineering graduates do well (relative to other subjects) in gaining full-time employment within six months of graduation, more of them remain unemployed within this timescale. It also finds that unemployment for engineering graduates is particularly acute for those of black/BME heritage, across most university types including the Russell and 1994 Groups, but most acute in the post-92 institutions.

Improving employment chances of engineering graduates (447.90 KB)

Engineering UK: The State of Engineering (2014) – Each year, EngineeringUK produces a report which provides the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) community, government, businesses and third sector organisations with an evidence base across the STEM continuum.

Engineering UK: The State of Engineering (2014)

WISE Statistics Guide 2012 – provides detailed data analysis using a conceptual framework for gender segregation in SET. The guide aims to aid future benchmarking and monitoring of progress against a number of indicators from the areas of secondary and higher education, vocational training, employment and gender pay, leadership and public engagement. 

WISE Statistics Guide 2012 (6.40 MB)

Diversity in University Physics: statistical digest 2010 – provides a concise overview of the diversity profiles of academic staff in university physics cost centres in 2007/08 in the UK.

Diversity in University Physics: statistical digest 2010 (1.61 MB)

The Demand for STEM Graduates: some benchmark projections (2009) – Warwick Institute for Employment Research.

The Demand for STEM Graduates: some benchmark projections (2009) (795.91 KB)

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